Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Is Going to College a Waste of Time

Is Going to College a Waste of Time Your entire life, you have been adapted to accept that you will possibly find a decent line of work and be effective on the off chance that you state those four enchantment words: I’m heading off to college. An ever increasing number of explores bolster the possibility that it’s not really evident. Indeed, in spite of the fact that school graduates are bound to have a higher pay and progressively stable life, non-school graduates can be similarly as upbeat and effective with the correct disposition. A Self-Made Life: Can You Survive Without a Degree? Consider it. What number of business visionaries, thought pioneers, and fruitful agents have dropped out of school or never at any point joined in? What's more, we’re not discussing no-name neighborhood examples of overcoming adversity. The absolute most extravagant men on the planet (Facebook architect Mark Zuckerberg, Macintosh originator Steve Jobs, and Microsoft extremely rich person Bill Gates, just to give some examples) dropped out of school to seek after their notoriety and fortune. Truth be told, as school costs rise and employments become progressively serious, school graduates are soliciting whether the 4-year speculation from time and cash is extremely justified, despite all the trouble. In an ongoing Salon article, previous Secretary of Labor Robert Reich destroys the advanced education model as it as of now stands. He says: â€Å"Too regularly in present day America, we liken â€Å"equal opportunity† with a chance to get a four-year human sciences certificate. It should mean a chance to learn what’s important to get a decent job.† For some, that implies getting a 2-year professional degree, taking on the web courses, or beginning their own energy driven business. Since the joblessness rate for late graduates has expanded significantly since the 2007 downturn, many insightful and driven understudies decided to make their own occupations and with stunning achievement. School Bound: The Real Scoop However, dropping out of school or not going to is no underwriter of progress. The U.S. Authority of Labor Statistics shows that the individuals who just get a 2-year degree or less make practically half on normal as the individuals who get a 4-year degree. Also, their joblessness rate is 30% higher by and large. An ongoing report from the Economic Policy Institute shows that states with higher paces of school graduates have relating wages and employments, which implies that more school graduates really raise the wages for every other person. That, however having a higher education is one of the more fundamental prerequisites of finding and keeping a line of work. As indicated by 2011 Pew Research study, 86% of post-graduate understudies state that their advanced education was a wise venture for them. Since such a significant number of understudies are getting higher educations, it is regularly important to have a 4-year degree just to remain serious in some lucrative employment markets. Moving on from school has all the more specifically satisfying advantages also. As indicated by Census Bureau insights, individuals with school instructions have practically a large portion of the separation pace of their without degree peers. Also, the ongoing Gallup-Healthways Well-Being Index study, five of the most joyful states on earth (Colorado, Minnesota, Vermont, New Hampshire, and Massachusetts) have the most noteworthy rates of school graduates. All in all, What Really Does Makes a Success? In spite of the away from of an advanced degree, most Americans concur that instruction isn't as significant as disposition. When asked what makes an individual fruitful, the staggering reaction from the Pew Education review was that difficult work (61%) and coexisting with individuals (57%) were a higher priority than instruction alone (42%). Furthermore, Richard St. John as of late shared a TED Talk about his examination into what makes individuals fruitful. In eye to eye interviews with more than 500 fruitful individuals in each industry possible, he discovered eight key factors that decide achievement: Enthusiasm Difficult Work Core interest Pushing Boundaries Thoughts Reliably Improving Administration Tirelessness I don't get this' meaning for your life? It implies that you can be glad and effective whether you get a professional education. Everything relies upon how you approach your life. Regardless of whether you decide to get a degree or not, you despite everything need a similar essential drive to succeed, relationship building abilities, and capacity to adjust to change. Last Line You can be effective or ineffective whether or not you get a professional education. Individuals who are devoted to being fruitful in their training will get the advantages of the drawn out security and individual associations that degrees by and large give. The individuals who are devoted to being effective outside of the dividers of a school building can accomplish astonishing outcomes as long as they buckle down enough and have the vision to change the world. Regardless of what you pick: whether to seek after a degree or not, your genuine progress originates from realizing what you need and making the penances it takes to accomplish your objectives. What's more, whatever way you pick, you’ll have fulfillment in your decision. At long last, you’ll have the option to state those genuinely supernatural four words: I realized I could. Do you think it merits heading off to college? What advantages and disadvantages of school do you see? Your sentiment is consistently welcome here!

Saturday, August 22, 2020

What will happen to Iraq if the US leaves Essay

What will befall Iraq if the US leaves - Essay Example One of the most significant occasions in the present world issues is the attack of Iraq by the US and there have been a few fundamental voices contending that the opportunity has already come and gone for the US to leave the locale to liberate the Iraqis to seek after their political and financial predetermination. Pundits who respect the attack of Iraq by the US as a genuine offense against the opportunity of that country contend that America needs to build up regularity in the district before they leave the land. Nobody can say with certainty what will occur in Iraq if the United States leaves abruptly and without putting forth a proceeding with attempt to make up for its errors and disappointments. It is anything but difficult to discuss escalated common war, 'slaughters', and a global resurgence of al-Qaida. Such most pessimistic scenarios are conceivable, yet the most probable outcome is less rough partisan and ethnic purifying, and the accepted division of a significant part of the nation. (Cordesman and Davies, 2008, p 737). In this way, the most basic inquiry in the current setting isn't whether the US intrusion of Iraq is legitimate or not, yet what occurs if the US leaves Iraq all on an unexpected. In this paper a cautious and intelligent investigation of this basic inquiry concerning Iraq's future if the US leaves the area is directed and the conversation in such manner not exclusively is fundamental to a comprehension of the political framework in the US yet in addition to a comprehension of probably the most significant world undertakings just as issues in the Iraqi locale. In a cautious examination of the present circumstance in Iraq, it is basic to grasp that there are a few advantages if the US armed force remain longer in the district. Individuals, who consider that going into Iraq was a serious mix-up submitted by the US, are significantly worried about what will happen when USA leaves Iraq. To a large portion of them, it will be absurd to consider that the Iraqis can shield themselves against all the issues in the nation and the area. As a matter of first importance, there will be extraordinary confusion in the country and the district if the US leaves right away. In spite of the fact that there are individuals who contend for the quick withdrawal of the US troops from the locale, based on the terrible improvements hastened by the US attack of Iraq, it isn't legitimate for the military to leave the area before the Iraqi security powers are independent. Such a fast withdrawal of the US troops will incur long haul harm on US validity and capacity to deflect foes and would encourage the goals of the al-Qaeda. In Iraq, the United States has shown that it will stand and battle even with affliction when it accepts that its center advantages are in question. US assurance in Iraq has done a lot to counter past jihadists' view of the United States as a 'paper tiger' If the United States leaves rashly, these additions will be lost and Iraq will join Vietnam, Beirut, Aden, and Somalia in the jihadi mantra in regards to US shortcoming. (Forest, 2007, p 47). Aside from these, it is likewise contended that a portion of the amazing pioneers from inside Iraq can develop in the country, assume control over the administration and in the long run bring about another tyranny. Additionally there is a likelihood that Iran will attack Iraq and assume control over it if the US leaves the district all on an abrupt. There is a genuine contention that Iraq will turn into a fear based oppressor shelter if the United States leaves. (Preble and Logan, 20 05). Reports from the Baghdad affirms that the US withdrawal from the district can influence the standardization procedure of the nation and Iraq's remote pastor cautioned that a fast American military withdrawal from the nation could prompt a full-scale common war, the breakdown of the legislature and

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

Red Bull Gives You (Paper) Wings

Red Bull Gives You (Paper) Wings Last December I blogged about judging Trashion 2014, an event where MIT students design and model unconventional outfits to raise awareness about environmental sustainability. In that post, I wrote: This is why, if and when people ask me precisely what it is that I do, I sometimes say that I judge people for a living. While I had no formal background or training in judging people, I have been judging people for some time now, and it is the task for which I am paid; I am basically a professional Mean Girl, and I have come to be at peace with that. I have been able to transfer my experience judging people in admissions to judging people in other contexts Recently, my evaluative assistance was again requested, this time by Rachel W. 16, founding President of MIT Women in Aerospace Engineering (WAE). WAE is a student group that, through a variety of programs, seeks to foster a community and encourage relationships among women in aerospace engineering and to build outreach initiatives within both MIT and the broader community. On Monday, WAE hosted the Boston Qualiflyer for  Red Bull Paper Wings. If you havent heard of Paper Wings, its basically a promotional event for Red Bull based around competitive paper airplaines. There are three categories to the event: distance, hangtime, and aerobatics. Each contestant is allowed to enter any or all of the categories at each qualiflyer. Distance and hangtime are measured by Red Bull staff, but aerobatics is evaluated by a panel of judges on the basis of creativity, aesthetics, performance, and so on. 12 national finalists earn a spot in the Global Finals at Hanger-7, in Salzburg, Austria, the legendary mansion/museum/multifunctional venue of Red Bull founder Dietrich Mateschitz. And thats how, on Monday, I found myself sitting between Professor Raul Radovitzky and Tim Beaver, watching students from all across New England and upstate New York throw paper airplanes for three hours inside Lobdell Dining Hall in the MIT Student Center. You may quite reasonably ask yourself: how does one judge the aerobatics of a paper airplane? According to Red Bull, the relevant criteria are: Construction (technical) of the paper plane Creativity (art design) Flight performance Additionally: With regards to flight performance, the jury should base their points on the execution of the flight, e.g. diameter (of the loop / wave / circle), steadiness duration of the flight. There are no limitations with regards to the body style while throwing. Each participant has a time slot of 1 minute to perform in front of the jury. In practice, what this meant was that competitors in aerobatics would bring their planes to the judges table. Prof. Radovitzsky would hold it up for his inspection, and attempt to balance the plane on his finger to locate its center of mass. I would observe this, although I was most interested in the performance of the flight and of the flyer. Timmostly danced. I met students from MIT, Harvard, BC, BU, NEU, and RPI; there may have been more colleges represented who didnt compete in aerobatics. One of the students I knew was an MIT freshman, Andy T. 18, who Im told is the only freshman currently enrolled in Unified Engineering, a central class in Course 16, Aeronautics and Astronautics. Andy finished near the top of all three categories at the Boston Qualiflyer; he was one of 3 students who had to be taken to the MIT basketball court for the distance competition because Lobdell wasnt long enough. I asked Andy about his history with paper airplanes and how it had factored into his MIT education. Heres what he told me: I remember beginning to fold paper airplanes at age 5, at Seaton Day Care in Fox Point Wisconsin. My friend Zach and I formed a little team at the day care; during indoor recess we would create all kinds of crazy planes, some of which my dad showed me how to fold the day before. We would test them out, then give/teach them to other kids. This is perhaps my earliest memory, or at least the only thing I remember from day care. Years later, having not seen Zach since I left Seaton around age 6, he and I sat next to each other in AP Calculus. A few weeks in, we had some free time during which I made one of my favorite planes, the trick glider I used for the Red Bull aerobatics competition, and then we realized that we did the same thing together 10 years previously! WaitI also remember throwing up after eating too many squishy cooked carrots and mixed veggies (gross). Day care was rough. Throughout elementary and middle school, I learned a few more types of paper airplanes from books. I also took the standard delta-wing and combined paper fan folding to create wing ruffles, which I found helped stabilize the plane. Now taking course 16 classes (Unified), learning the aerodynamics of flight, I realize that these ruffles help to give an otherwise flat wing a combined winglet-dihedral type of roll stabilization! Although I discovered wing ruffles around 2nd grade, and my dad commented that perhaps I would like to someday become a professional plane designer (i.e. aerospace engineer), I had never seriously considered the idea until last summer. I came to MIT desiring a technical education in building things, like Q in James Bond. Around age 7, I had played the video game on N64 and seen the Bond film Goldfinger, and it made a lasting impressionsince then and until high school, I had dreamt of building cool gadgets for either the CIA or myself. These desires motivated me to choose robotics over band in high school and ultimately wind up here looking to major in mechanical engineering. Last summer during Interphase, I spoke with a math TA about majors, and she encouraged me to think about 16, since it is the same theory as course 2 but way more fun and interesting. At this point, I had already decided the most exciting application for building things is space exploration and colonization. So here I am, enjoying all the excitement of Unified, building and designing real RC airplanes as well as paper ones, and absolutely loving it. So far, my experience has been that course 16 is rigorous and demanding as all MIT courses are, but I doubt that many others have as much fun during lectures or outside of them. Course 16 is like a big family of excited kids gazing at the stars and dreaming of the future. It is also like a powerhouse incubator with the resources and ability to get there. We have launched weather balloons high enough to see the curvature of the Earth and chased them all over the state, cut airfoils and constructed planes from scratch as well as rockets, met astronauts such as Buzz Aldrin and Michael Collins, asked questions to industry leaders such as Elon Musk, enjoyed breakfast and igloo parties with professors (specializing in fluid mechanicsorange juice, and materials/structuressnow blocks), traveled through the worlds largest building by volume at Boeings assembly plant in Seattle, visited the Dragon at SpaceX, James Webb at Northrop Grumman, and Voyager at JPL, and we spent an entire lecture watching fast planes to learn the physics of scramjet engines and shockwaves. It has been hard and rewarding; I have received Fs as well as A+s (160%). The science is applied, the degree is flexible as one desires. Overall, I think it was a fantastic choice. Another person I ended up spending a lot of time talking to was Aurora. Aurora is 8, and has wanted to be an astronaut since she was old enough to say the word; she met Rachel from WAE at an Aero/Astro event, and Rachel has been mentoring her ever since. Aurora was the youngest contestant by about a decade at the competition and probably the most enthusiastic, as you might have guessed from the flight suit she wore to the event (she is starting pilot lessons this year through the Young Eagles program). When she wasnt throwing paper airplanes, she sat near me at the judging table, where she held forth, confidently and knowledgeably, about the finer points of the various space missions that have taken place in her life. By the end of the event, Ian P. 17 had been crowned champion in the distance category, and his flight of 1264 had earned him a trip to Austria. I asked Ian the same question I asked Andy but got back a slightly different answer: Sure. I was studying for a 5.60 exam coming up and my friend Nolan Kruse said we should go chuck a plane at that thing as a study break. [Rachel] said we should check out the contest earlier last week, so we both went. My strategy was to fold a mediocre plane and throw it as hard as possible. I have no history of plane folding ability, so Ill give credit to Nolan, for his motivational words, and to me for my lack of concern for the health of my shoulder. The opportunity is amazing. I really just threw a piece of paper and they told me youre going to Austria, and I was just kind of confused that all it took was a decent arm. Its got to be the most lucrative useless talent that I never knew I had. So thats how me, Tim Beaver, an MIT professor, and an 8-year-old prospective astronaut spent our Monday night at MIT, while a sophomore won an unexpected (but not unwanted) trip to Austria. Thanks to Rachel and the WAE team for organizing and inviting me and Walter for the photography, and congrats to Ian!

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Moroccan Culture Series Meeting and Greeting

In Arabic-speaking countries, there is a great importance placed on extended greetings, both in written communication and in face-to-face interaction. Morocco is certainly no exception as far as face-to-face greetings are concerned. Pleasantries When Moroccans see someone they know, it is impolite to just say hi and keep walking. At the very least they have to stop in order to shake hands and ask  Ãƒâ€¡a va  ?  and/or  La bas?  Always with friends and sometimes with acquaintances (shopkeepers, etc.), Moroccans will phrase this question several different ways, often in both French and Arabic, and then ask about the other persons family, children, and health. This exchange of pleasantries tends to be continuous - the questions are strung together without really waiting for a response to any of them - and automatic. No real thought is put into the questions or answers and both parties are usually talking at the same time. The exchange can last up to 30 or 40 seconds and ends when one or both parties says  Allah hum dililay  orbaraqalowfik  (sorry for my crude transcriptions of the Arabic). Hand-shaking Moroccans are very fond of shaking hands every time they see someone they know or meet someone new. When Moroccans go into work in the morning, they are expected to shake each of their colleagues hands. We recently learned that some Moroccans feel that this can be excessive. A Moroccan student of my husbands, who works in a bank, related the following story: A colleague was transferred to a different department on another floor of the bank. When he came into work, however, he felt obliged to go upstairs to his old department and shake hands with each of his former colleagues before going to his new department, shaking the hands of his new colleagues, and only then starting to work, every day. We have befriended a number of shopkeepers who shake our hands upon both arrival and departure, even if we are only in the shop for a few minutes. If a Moroccan has full or dirty hands, the other person will grasp his/her wrist instead of the hand. After shaking hands, touching the right hand to the heart is a sign of respect. This is not limited to ones elders; it is common to see adults touching their hearts after shaking hands with a child. In addition, a person at a distance will usually make eye contact and touch his hand to his heart.   Kissing and Hugging Bises à   la franà §aise  or hugs are commonly exchanged between same-sex friends. This happens in all venues: at home, on the street, in restaurants, and in business meetings. Same-sex friends usually walk around holding hands, but couples, even married couples, rarely touch in public. Male/female contact in public is strictly limited to hand-shaking.

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Several Technologies That Are Less Expensive Than Earlier Versions - Free Essay Example

Sample details Pages: 4 Words: 1074 Downloads: 9 Date added: 2017/06/26 Category Technology Essay Type Narrative essay Did you like this example? Several Technologies that is less polluting and less expensive than earlier versions of the technology. List 3 Technologies: Solar cars A solar vehicle is an electric vehicle powered completely or significantly by direct solar energy. Usually, photovoltaic (PV) cells contained in solar panels convert the suns energy directly into electric energy. The term solar vehicle usually implies that solar energy is used to power all or part of a vehicles propulsion. Solar power may be also used to provide power for communications or controls or other auxiliary functions. Solar vehicles are not sold as practical day-to-day transportation devices at present, but are primarily demonstration vehicles and engineering exercises, often sponsored by government agencies. Don’t waste time! Our writers will create an original "Several Technologies That Are Less Expensive Than Earlier Versions" essay for you Create order Solar Panels A solar panel (also solar module, photovoltaic module or photovoltaic panel) is a packaged, connected assembly of photovoltaic cells. The solar panel can be used as a component of a larger photovoltaic system to generate and supply electricity in commercial and residential applications. Each panel is rated by its DC output power under standard test conditions, and typically ranges from 100 to 320 watts. The efficiency of a panel determines the area of a panel given the same rated output an 8% efficient 230 watt panel will have twice the area of a 16% efficient 230 watt panel. Because a single solar panel can produce only a limited amount of power, most installations contain multiple panels. A photovoltaic system typically includes an array of solar panels, an inverter, and sometimes a battery and or solar tracker and interconnection wiring. Some Examples of what solar panels are used for are homes-Did you know that by going solar, youll lock in on a low, fixed solar rat e from day one? Switching to solar keeps rising energy rates in check and guarantees a lower monthly electricity bill.. Electric car An electric car is an automobile that is propelled by one electric motor or more, using electrical energy stored in batteries or another energy storage device. Electric motors give electric cars instant torque, creating strong and smooth acceleration. Electric cars were popular in the late 19th century and early 20th century, until advances in internal combustion engine technology and mass production of cheaper gasoline vehicles led to a decline in the use of electric drive vehicles. The energy crises of the 1970s and 1980s brought a short-lived interest in electric cars, though those cars did not reach mass marketing as todays electric cars experience it. Since the mid-2000s, the production of electric cars is experiencing a renaissance due to advances in battery and power management technologies and concerns about increasingly volatile oil prices and the need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Electric cars have several benefits over conventional internal combustion engine automobiles, including a significant reduction of local air pollution, as they have no tailpipe, and therefore do not emit harmful tailpipe pollutants from the onboard source of power at the point of operation; reduced greenhouse gas emissions from the onbo ard source of power, depending on the fuel and technology used for electricity generation to charge the batteries; and less dependence on foreign oil, which for the United States and other developed or emerging countries is cause for concern about vulnerability to oil price volatility and supply disruption. Also for many developing countries, and particularly for the poorest in Africa, high oil prices have an adverse impact on their balance of payments, hindering their economic growth. Despite their potential benefits, widespread adoption of electric cars faces several hurdles and limitations. As of 2013[update], electric cars are significantly more expensive than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles due to the additional cost of their lithium-ion battery pack. However, battery prices are coming down with mass production and are expected to drop further. Other factors discouraging the adoption of electric cars are the lack of public and pr ivate recharging infrastructure and the drivers fear of the batteries running out of energy before reaching their destination (range anxiety) due to the limited range of existing electric cars. Several governments have established policies and economic incentives to overcome existing barriers, promote the sales of electric cars, and fund further development of electric vehicles, more cost-effective battery technology and their components. The US has pledged US$2.4 billion in federal grants for electric cars and batteries. China has announced it will provide US$15 billion to initiate an electric car industry within its borders Several developmental alternatives to highly polluting industries Industrial Scrubbers- Wet Scrubbers are effective air pollution control devices for removing particles and/or gases from industrial exhaust streams. Wet scrubbers operate by introducing the dirty gas stream with a scrubbing liquid à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â‚¬Å" typically water. Particulate or gases are collected in the scrubbing liquid. Wet scrubbers are generally the most appropriate air pollution control device for collecting both particulate and gas in a single system. Pollution Systems offers a variety of Wet Scrubber systems specifically designed for your process application. Many important operating variables are considered when evaluating the size and type of scrubber for any specific application. We will work with you and use our experience and knowledge to provide the proper solution for your process. Typical wet scrubber systems consist of a scrubbing vessel, ductwork and fan system, mist eliminator, pumping (and possible recycle system), spent scrubbing liquid treatment and an exhaust stack. Modern controls are used to monitor the system and make any necessary adjustments. Wet Scrubbers are common in many industrial applications including pollutant reduction at petroleum refineries, chemical processes, acid manufacturing plants, and steel making. They need these for the environment because of the harmful smoke that was created during the process of making steel.. b. Plastic Disposal- Low recycling rates: Plastic is difficult and costly to recycle because manufacturers and consumers discard over twenty different types of plastic, and before they can be recycled, these plastics must be collected, transported, sorted, degreased, and washed. Neither private nor public agencies are investing sufficiently in the systems needed to increase plastic recycling rates. Few manufacturers invest in the compactors and logistical systems needed to recycle their plastic scraps. Few public agencies invest in recycling receptacles for public spaces. A 2009 survey by Keep America Beautiful found that only 12% of public spaces in the U.S. had recycling receptacles next to their garbage receptacles.1 Due to these shortfalls of private and public investments in recycling, the EPA found that only 7.1% of plastics going to US Municipal Solid Waste facilities were being recycled in 2009,2 a number that rose to 8.2% by 2010

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

European Custom Law Free Essays

The Customs Union is one the bases of the European Union and an essential element in the functioning of the unified market. The unified market can only function when there is a common application of common rules at its external borders. This implies that the 27 Customs administrations of the EU must act, as they were one. We will write a custom essay sample on European Custom Law or any similar topic only for you Order Now These common rules go beyond the Customs Union as such, and extend to all aspects of trade policy, such as preferential trade, health, environmental control, the protection of EU economic interests and the management of external relations. The creation of a customs union in the European Economic Community in 1968 was implemented internally through the abolition of customs duties, quantitative restrictions and measures having equivalent effect between Member States and, on the external front, through the introduction of a common customs tariff and a common commercial policy. In fact, goods imported from third countries had to be treated in the same way by all Member States in order to circulate freely in the customs union. But the customs union itself had to be integrated into the existing international economic order, regulated by the 1948 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. On the EEC Treaty the Member States declared that in creating a customs union, they intended to contribute, in accordance with the common interest, to a harmonious development of world trade, a gradual removal of restrictions to international trade and the lowering of customs barriers. The creation of the customs union has led to strong growth in intra-Community trade, but the Community has not become insolated. Instead, it has developed into the world’s biggest importer and exporter. In addition, the rules of the GATT and the various international agreements created under their influence, formed the legal basis for the EU’s own commercial policy instruments and action, notably in the field of tariffs, the application of safeguard measures, anti-dumping and anti-subsidies actions. The European Union can introduce surveillance and safeguard measures in the framework of the common rules for imports when imports at prices viewed as normal are causing or risk causing serious injury to European producers. In cases where the export price is lower than the normal value of a like product (dumping), the EU can take trade protection measures, notably through the application of anti-dumping duties. European rules being compatible with those of the World Trade Organization, economic operators must comply with only one set of rules for imports into the EU These rules apply automatically in the new States acceding to the EU. The Member States of the European Union no longer have an independent foreign trade policy. More than 60% of their trade is intra-European and as such it depends on the rules of the single market that prohibit any trade protection or trade promotion measures. For the remaining 40% of their trade, the main instruments of commercial policy, the Common Customs Tariff, the common import arrangements and the common protective measures are in the hands of the organs of the EU, the Commission and the Council. Together they contribute to ensuring an even competition playing field for European businesses, giving them access to equal prices for imported raw materials and other products they need. At the same time, the common commercial policy facilitates the work of European importers who can use a uniform import license, valid throughout the EU. Mission statement of Customs authorities:The European Commission website on its Taxation and Union section states:â€Å"Customs authorities shall be primarily responsible for supervision of the Community’s international trade, thereby contributing to fair and open trade, to implementation of the external aspects of the internal market, of the common trade policy and of the other common Community policies having a bearing on trade, and to overall supply chain security. Customs authorities shall put in place measures aimed, in particular, at:a. Protecting the financial interests of the Community and its Member States;b. Protecting the Community from unfair and illegal trade while supporting legitimate business activity;c. Ensuring the security and safety of the Community and its residents, and protection of the environment, where appropriate in close cooperation with other authorities;d. Maintaining a proper balance between customs controls and facilitation of legitimate trade. The two faces of customsCustoms services in the EU play a dual role. Customs officers still act as collectors of customs levying import duties and taxes but increasingly they also work as â€Å"watchdogs† securing the Union’s external borders to protect citizens’ health and safety. Checks to enforce security and safety rules can only be performed at the EU’s external borders. It is inevitable that certain cargo shipments, which could pose a risk to the safety or security of the EU and its citizens, must be stopped and checked. These checks are different from the task of levying import duties, which customs authorities can perform at a later stage along the supply chain, for example on the premises of the importer or exporter, to avoid congestion at the EU’s external borders. The watchdogBorder checks to guarantee the safety and security of European citizens are performed by customs officers in close cooperation with other border agencies, such as veterinary and product safety authorities. Two particular causes of concern for customs authorities with respect to health and safety are counterfeit goods and drug precursors. The collector of customsEvery shipment of goods, which enters the European Union, has to be declared to customs. On the basis of the customs declarations, customs officers check the shipment and levy the import duties and taxes due. In 2007, import duties totaling over â‚ ¬15 billion were levied, which is equivalent to 13. 2% of the revenue side of the EU budget (Garcia, 2012)Application of Common Customs Tariff:A customs union is characterized by the existence of a single external tariff applied by all Member States to imports coming from third countries. Such imports only have to clear customs once and can then move freely within the common customs area. Reaching an agreement among the original Member States on a single external tariff required a complex striking of balances and compromises, given the different national interests, stemming from the different products that each country wished to protect. The common customs tariff (CCT) adopted by the European institutions in 1968 is, therefore, a major achievement of European integration (Article 28 TFEU, ex Article 23 TEC). For the member countries, the CCT meant both the loss of customs revenue, which, since 1975, has been a resource of the Community/Union budget, and the option of carrying out an independent customs or trade policy. No member country can unilaterally decide on or negotiate tariff matters; all changes to the CCT are decided by the Council following negotiation (if necessary) and proposal by the Commission. All bilateral (between the EU and non-member countries) and multilateral negotiations are carried out by the Commission. As of 1968, the Member States are not entitled to unilaterally carry out customs policy, i. e. suspend customs duties or change CCT. Only the Council can waive the normal application of CCT by means of regulations adopting various tariff measures. Such measures, whether required under agreements or introduced unilaterally, involve reductions in customs duties or zero-rating in respect of some or all imports of a given product in the territory of the European Union. They take the form of EU tariff quotas, tariff ceilings or total or partial suspension of duties. Modernized Customs Code: Customs authorities today, faced with this rapidly changing and challenging environment, must ensure that they continue to provide a first-class service to EU citizens and companies. A central pillar of the MCC is the concept of centralized clearance, which makes it possible for authorized EU traders to declare goods electronically and pay their customs duties and value-added tax (VAT) at the place where their business is established, irrespective of the member state where the goods are presented. Centralized clearance builds upon the current practice of Single Authorization for Simplified Procedures. The current draft of the MCCIP, however, requires that traders send the required customs clearance information to multiple member states. Basically, where the customs office designated for the lodging of customs declarations (i. e. , supervising customs office) is in a different member state than the customs office that receives the physical goods (i. e. customs office of presentation/importation), the importer must provide the entry information to the customs offices in both member states as well as the member state where the VAT is due. The modernisation and simplification of the customs legal and technological environment started several years ago with a major amendment to the Community Customs Code adopted in 2005, which gave EU customs authorities the powers to implement some of the most advanced security requirements in the world, while creating an environment that does not disrupt legitimate trade. This amendment is expected to be fully mplemented by mid 2016. The Modernized Customs Code will, when fully implemented, provide the necessary simplifications to make customs and trade work better, faster and cheaper. The Electronic Customs Decision already provides a significant step forward in linking national customs Information and Communication Technology systems, benefiting both customs and trade. By meeting the needs of modern logistics, a pan-European electronic customs will increase the competitiveness of companies doing business in Europe, reduce compliance costs and improve security at the EU borders. The proposal to amend the mutual administrative assistance provisions in customs matters will streamline and improve the current IT systems and enhance capacity in the fight against fraud in the customs sector. These are important legal and technological steps that will prepare European customs both for the immediate and the medium term future. Electronic Customs are a significant development for the E. U. Customs that aims to provide interoperable customs systems, accessible to economic operators throughout the Community by replacing paper-based customs procedures with similar declarations in electronic form across the entire E. U. , thus creating a more efficient, simpler and modern customs environment. The electronic office is a very important development for the E. U. Customs. Its aim is to provide interoperable customs systems, accessible to economic operators throughout the Community, in order to replace the current paper-based customs procedures, with similar declarations in e lectronic form throughout the entire E. U. , thus creating a more efficient, simpler and modern customs environment. Trade facilitation and security strengthen at external E. U. borders are the twin goals of this project. Specifically, this initiative aims to * Make easier the movement and control of goods to and from the internal market through efficient import and export procedures. * Increase the competitiveness of European trade, by reducing compliance and administrative costs as well as to speed up clearance times. * Facilitate legitimate trade through a coordinated and common approach of goods control. How to cite European Custom Law, Papers

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Pride, Gender, and Inaction in Antigone Essay Example For Students

Pride, Gender, and Inaction in Antigone Essay Pride, Gender, and Inaction in Antigone The cardinal subject of Sophocles drama â€Å"Antigone† is the quandary that one faces, in adhering to 1s ain decision or to stay by the bing Torahs of the land. The drama highlights the fact that work forces have been bestowed with independent thought, and have been blessed with the capacity to analyse state of affairss ; Man must therefore consult his mental modules and think rationally earlier doing a judgement. Therefore, the four major subjects of the drama Antigone are Pride, Gender, Individual versus State ; Conscience versus Law ; Divine Law versus Human Law, and Inaction. We will write a custom essay on Pride, Gender, and Inaction in Antigone specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now There is no inquiry that pride, in Antigone, is a trait loathed by the Gods, one that is punishable without clemency. Sophocles describes the type of pride that allows work forces to make Torahs that substitute for Godhead rules. When Creon creates a jurisprudence because he believes it is godly will, it is the ultimate show of punishable pride, for no adult male can of all time organize a jurisprudence that is tantamount to or greater than Godhead right. Consequently, when Tiresias comes with the intelligence that Creon will be punished, Creon realizes that he has made an atrocious error, and yet still refuses to acknowledge it. Creon bends to the prophesier s message merely because he wants to salvage his life, non because he knows he s gone excessively far. As a consequence, Creon must endure the loss of his household. Individual versus State, Conscience versus Law, and Divine Law versus Human Law are three major struggles in Antigone that are closely intertwined. Antigone and her rules brace with the first entity in each struggle, while Creon and his criterions line up with the 2nd. Antigone is a hazard to the position quo ; she invokes godly jurisprudence as justification for her actions, but is inexplicit in her place on religion. She sacrifices her life out of devotedness to rules higher than human jurisprudence. Creon s place is an apprehensible one, for illustration, in the splash of war, and with his reign so new, Creon has to put an illustration by demoing his citizens that his power is supreme. On the other manus, Creon s demand to prevail over Antigone seems to be enormously personal. The order of the province is non merely at interest after Creon s error, his sense of ego as male monarch is besides in hazard after his damaging error. Antigone s sex has profound effects on the significance of her actions. Creon himself says that the demand to suppress her is critical because she is a adult female. By declining to be submissive, Antigone defies one of the basic regulations of her society. Ismene is Antigone s foil because she is intimidated by the regulation of work forces, she believes that adult females should be subservient to work forces. Ismene says that work forces are stronger, and for that ground must be obeyed. In due class, we see that she has naively bought into the debatable constructs that Creon adopted. When Creon realizes he may be wrong, he changes his statement, he claims that if he was incorrectly, he could nt squeal that he was beat by a adult female, for that would upset godly jurisprudence more than renegue oning on his rules would. It is this original fiction that Sophocles drama seeks to rectify, chiefly through the requital the Gods inflict on Creon as a consequence of his insensitive and s exist thought. When faced with bias, Antigone and Ismene react rather otherwise. Ismene is non so much frightened of unfairness as she is panicky of her ain ruin, she can non bear to incur the rage of work forces for fright of being damned to the same destiny as the remainder of her household. After witnessing her male parent and brothers decease, she thinks that the best class of action is to obey. In the instance of Ismene, it seems inactivity is unified with fright, she so volitionally offers to decease following to Antigone, at which point we recognize that she is non so much inactive as she is unsure of her place as a adult female. Consequently, while Ismene is characterized chiefly by uncertainty, Antigone is one who plunges in front strictly on assurance and her house strong beliefs about right and incorrect. In the terminal, it s because of these cardinal differences in doctrine that they can non decease as one. .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 , .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 .postImageUrl , .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 , .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5:hover , .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5:visited , .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5:active { border:0!important; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5:active , .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5 .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .uc6d7ea72919fd9268ec051a1f1489bc5:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Student Athlete Drug Testing EssayIn the terminal, it is evident that Antigone has received the best wages. Upon her decease, she is reunited with her loved 1s, her female parent, her male parent, her brothers and even her affianced, Haemon. The fact that Haemon takes his life after Antigone s decease solidifies the thought that the Gods genuinely are honoring Antigone. While her household members are already present in the hereafter, her decease robbed her of her idolized partner to be and â€Å"Denied portion in the nuptials songs†¦Ã¢â‚¬  but this rejection is undone upon the decease of Haemon. Creon and Ismene, with their egotistic purposes, are both left alone and are finally punished for their self-seeking actions. While both Creon and Ismene experience the loss of household and must populate out their lives in isolation, Creon s penalty is fueled by the fact that his community loses esteem for him and shortly after, his imperium is taken over by a 2nd war, go forthing his life in complete ruin. Plants Cited Sophocles. â€Å"Antigone.† Literature and the Writing Process. Ed. Elizabeth McMahan, Susan X Day, Robert Funk. 8ThursdayEd. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice, 2007. 738-773.